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  • Definition of Hanok
  • Koreans'wisdom with Hanok
  • Hanok refers to Korean traditional architecture with very comprehensive contents. It's a living place reflecting the times, and thus, a variety of materials have been used in Korean architecture.
    Main Hallway
    Generally, houses are considered as living places reflecting the traditional lifestyle of people. Therefore, every nation in the world has their own living spaces that fit their unique climatic environments, geographical conditions, and economic situations. Korea also has its own style of living space, in the color of the Northeast Asian region. If you study Hanok, a word most people who visit Korea would remember, you can see that the types of Hanok vary, depending upon the materials of the roof. There are many different kinds of Hanok roofing, such as, the tiled-roof, oak bark-roof, reed-roof, and shingle-roof, among others built with materials such as split wood or flat stones.
  • Mansan's old house in Bonghwa
    To build a tile-roofed house, the owner had to pay the prohibitive additional cost of baking and covering tiles, so only powerful people, government officials, and the rich middle class could live in tile-roofed houses. Local Confucian leaders and wealthy local farmers owned the tile-roofed houses in provincial areas. Even though the houses were located in the countryside, they were generally built tall and on higher land than the houses of tenant farmers, as landlords with a large group of tenant farmers lived in them. The houses of tenant farmers were built relatively low and small, with materials that could easily be found in nature.
  • Thatched Cottage
    Houses of commoners had different names, according to the shape of the roofs and their construction structure. Straw-roofed houses, shingle-roofed houses, reed-roofed houses, and mud-walled huts are included in the types of traditional houses for commoners, and they are unique in that natural materials were used without any processing. Slash-and-burn farmers in mountain villages built shingle-roofed houses with split wood, or reed-roofed houses with pampas grass or reeds. People who lived near rivers built mud walls using stones, and covered the walls with the roof.
  • Yellow earth, which could be ordinarily found in fields, was used as a material to make walls, and thinly split rocks were used in the ondol(Korean underfloor heating system). Pillars were made of wood found in the mountains, and fences were made of stones or mud. Walls were made of soil, stones, sand, and mortar. As seen from this list of materials, Korean people have historically enjoyed the benefits of nature, and lived in harmony with nature.
    The Interior of Hanok
    Hanok can be considered a container where people's lives are stored. The term does not simply refer to tile-roofed houses, but to a type of architecture with very comprehensive contents, where a variety of materials were used and the times were reflected. .
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